Laws, Regulations & Agreements

Montreal Protocol
This landmark international treaty to protect the stratospheric ozone layer has been signed by 191 countries who have agreed to phase out the production and consumption of ozone depleting chemicals.


Clean Air Act
This law was established to help control five areas of concern regarding our nation's air quality. These regulations are grouped by titles: Title I, Air Pollution Prevention; Title II, Emission Standards for Mobile Sources; Title III, General Provisions; Title IV, Acid Deposition Control; and Tile V, Permits. Later in 1990, with the amendment of the Act, a sixth title was added to include provisions for the protection of the earth's atmosphere from chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), with Title VI, Stratospheric Ozone Protection.

EPA regulations issued under Sections 601-607 of the Clean Air Act phase out the production and import of ozone-depleting substances (ODS), consistent with the schedules developed under the Montreal Protocol.


Sections 601-612

Phaseout of Ozone-Depleting Substances discusses the ban on production and import of Class I ozone-depleting substances and the current phasedown on production and import of Class II ozone-depleting substances.

Importing Bulk Ozone Depleting Substances discusses the recordkeeping, reporting, and other regulatory requirements of importing virgin and used Class I and Class II substances.

Destruction of Ozone Depleting Substances presents information on destruction practices of ozone-depleting substances in the United States.

Stationary Refrigeration and Air Conditioning discusses service practices, refrigerant reclamation, technician certification, safe disposal, refrigerant sales restrictions, and other requirements for stationary refrigeration and air conditioning appliances. (Section 608 of the CAA)

Nonessential Products Ban discusses the ban on sale and introduction into interstate commerce of certain products manufactured with or containing ozone-depleting substances. (Section 610)

Labeling discusses labeling requirements for containers of or products manufactured with ozone-depleting substances. (Section 611 of the CAA)

The Significant New Alternatives Policy (SNAP) program evaluates and lists acceptable and unacceptable substitutes for ozone-depleting substances in many industrial and commercial sectors. The purpose of the program is to allow a safe and smooth transition away from ozone-depleting substances by identifying substitutes that offer lower overall risks to human health and the environment. (Section 612 of the CAA).


Penalties and Enforcement of Refrigerant Laws and Regulations


It is extremely important that technicians and outside contractors working with refrigerants follow the written EPA policy and procedures regulating refrigerants. Responsibly following these refrigerant regulations not only contributes to reducing refrigerant emissions, but also protects you and your company from facing steep fines and potential imprisonment.

The EPA performs random inspections, responds to tips of noncompliance, and pursues potential cases against violators. The EPA lists information on enforcement actions.

The EPA recommends that every organization develop a Refrigerant Compliance Management Plan and designate a facility refrigerant compliance manager to define your organization’s specific policies and procedures for refrigerant handling, from purchase through final disposal, including establishing uniform recordkeeping methods.